Basic Module 2

Don’t know what a basic module is? Know more about Part-66 Basic Modules.


This module is required for the following AML categories:


Issued on Regulation (EU) 2018/1142

  • Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules;
  • Chemical compounds;
  • States: solid, liquid and gaseous;
  • Changes between states.
  • Statics
    • Forces, moments and couples, representation as vectors;
    • Centre of gravity;
      Elements of theory of stress, strain and elasticity: tension, compression, shear and torsion;
    • Nature and properties of solid, fluid and gas;
    • Pressure and buoyancy in liquids (barometers).
  • Kinetics
    • Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motion under gravity);
    • Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces);
    • Periodic motion: pendular movement;
    • Simple theory of vibration,  armonics and resonance;
    • Velocity ratio, mechanical advantage and efficiency.
  • Dynamics
    • (A)
      • Mass;
      • Force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency;
    • (B)
      • Momentum, conservation of momentum;
      • Impulse;
      • Gyroscopic principles;
      • Friction: nature and effects, coefficient of friction (rolling resistance).
  • Fluid dynamics
    • (A)
      • Specific gravity and density;
    • (B)
      • Viscosity, fluid resistance, effects of streamlining;
      • Effects of compressibility on fluids;
      • Static, dynamic and total pressure: Bernoulli’s Theorem, venturi.
  • (A)
    • Temperature: thermometers and temperature scales: Celsius, Fahrenheit and Kelvin; Heat definition;
  • (B)
    • Heat capacity, specific heat;
    • Heat transfer: convection, radiation and conduction;
    • Volumetric expansion;
    • First and second law of thermodynamics;
    • Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, work done by expanding gas;
    • Isothermal, adiabatic expansion and compression, engine cycles, constant volume and constant pressure, refrigerators and heat pumps;
    • Latent heats of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.
  • Nature of light; speed of light;
  • Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces, reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses;
  • Fibre optics.
  • Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion, interference phenomena, standing waves;
  • Sound: speed of sound, production of sound, intensity, pitch and quality, Doppler effect.


  • AML Cat B1 & B2
    52 multi-choice and 0 essay questions.
    Time allowed: 65 minutes.